What have the world’s refugees experienced in 2022? News. Last minute AFRICA, ASIA, WORLD, CURRENT news headlines and events
The United Nations News Center covered the refugee issue in the first of its 2022 End Reports, which assessed important developments during the year. In 2022, the number of people fleeing conflict, violence, human rights violations and persecution was recorded as reaching 100 million.
In 2021, that number was 90 million, according to the UN. Recall that the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi called the reached point “a record that should never have been beaten.”
It is noted that the number of people who died or went missing during the dangerous journey they embarked on in an attempt to reach Europe has doubled this year compared to the previous year and exceeded 3 thousand people.
It was noted that violence and protracted conflicts in many parts of the world, especially in Ukraine, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Syria and Myanmar, have led to an increase in the number of refugees.
It was reminded that thousands of desperate migrants give their lives into the hands of human traffickers and embark on dangerous journeys, often full of death and tragedy, in the hope of reaching Europe.
4.3 million people have been displaced in Yemen
More than seven years have passed since the beginning of the protracted conflict between the Saudi government and the Houthis in Yemen.
The United Nations estimates that the war has caused a humanitarian catastrophe in the region and more than 4.3 million people have been forced to flee their homes.
It was noted that despite the tragedy in Yemen, the country continues to be a destination and transit point for refugees fleeing the Horn of Africa.
“Five million children do not recognize a war-free Syria”
A year-end UN assessment highlighted that the 11-year war in Syria has turned their lives upside down, and that nearly five million children born in the country have never known Syria without war.
In July 2022, UN Refugee Agency spokesman Dominic Bartsch in the Jordanian capital Amman said: “Expectations for the return of refugees leaving Syria do not yet look encouraging. To be honest, we still don’t see conditions conducive to return in Syria.” remembered.
‘Rohingya Muslim flight from Myanmar continues’
The United Nations recalled that, according to a 2022 estimate, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar fled their homes and took refuge in the neighboring country of Bangladesh after more than five years of harassment by soldiers.
The report notes that at least a million Rohingyas have had to live in harsh conditions in the Cox’s Bazar refugee camp in neighboring Bangladesh.
Rohingya Muslims were said to have attempted to cross the Andaman Sea, one of the most dangerous border crossings in the world, this year.
“Double standards in the treatment of Ukrainian refugees”
The UN said that the Russian occupation of Ukraine, which began on February 24, 2022, is likely to continue into 2023, and that until December, exactly 10 months after the occupation of Ukraine, more than 7.8 million Ukrainian refugees were registered in Europe.
It was stated that immediately after the start of the war, UN agencies were mobilized to provide support, a large-scale refugee crisis was coordinated, refugees were registered who took refuge in the country in Poland, neighboring Ukraine, and asylum and humanitarian assistance were provided. provided.
The assessment recalled statements by UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi in a speech he delivered on World Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination that “they are witnessing the ugly reality of refugees of color fleeing Ukraine and other conflict zones not in the same way as to Ukrainian refugees.”
Is there a ray of hope?
Noting that there is a glimmer of hope amid the tragedies and hardships experienced, the UN recalled that in December governments announced a record $1.13 billion in aid to support those displaced by war and human rights violations.
“People displaced by conflict, the climate emergency and other crises face unprecedented needs,” said Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. Fortunately, the generous donations of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees continue to support them through these difficult times, giving them hope for a brighter future.”
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