USA: “We support changing the structure of the UN Security Council.” Last Minute WORLD, CURRENT headlines and events
Changes in the structure of the Security Council were discussed at the UN General Assembly. Csaba Koroshi, President of the 77th session of the UN General Assembly, said that two-thirds of the world leaders present at the last meeting of the General Assembly called for reforms and that their eyes were on the UN General Assembly to make these changes happen.
US Permanent Representative to the UN Linda Thomas Greenfield noted that they are in favor of changing the structure of the Security Council, increasing the number of members and admitting permanent members from Latin America and Africa to the council.
Turkey’s Permanent Representative to the UN Feridun Sinirlioglu said more efforts are needed to reform the Security Council and said that if the likelihood of all member states participating in the Council is increased, the Security Council will be more representative and more effective.
Koroshi: Security Council unable to fully fulfill its mandate
President of the 77th UN General Assembly Koroshi noted that the desire of member states to carry out reforms is increasing, and that he saw this desire in the meetings he held with member states.
“This year we are approaching the reform of the Security Council with a new focus and a new angle. Countries struggle with conflicts, wars, climate change, food, water and energy crises, unsustainable debt and health emergencies. The war in Ukraine, now in its ninth month, has only exacerbated these consequences, forcing millions of people from their homes and forcing countries to make unprecedented choices to meet the needs of their citizens. Despite all this, the Security Council, which is the main guarantor of international peace and security, has not been able to fully fulfill its mandate.
At the last 77th session of the UN General Assembly, Koreshi said that the number of countries demanding a change in the structure of the Security Council and reforms has increased, and said: “A third of world leaders stressed the need for urgent reform in the Security Council. . This figure is more than double that of 2021. Eyes turned to the UN General Assembly to spearhead change. The General Assembly is literally the only body of the United Nations tasked with seeking solutions to the problem of Security Council reform. I count on you, the Member States, to lead the transformation that is urgently needed right now.”
Linda Greenfield: “We are ready to engage Member States in reform”
US Permanent Representative to the UN Linda Greenfield said they are ready to engage extensively with member states to make the Security Council more effective, representative and authoritative.
Linda Greenfield said the United States supports the expansion of the Security Council in both permanent and non-permanent categories, including new permanent seats for African and Latin American countries.
“The Security Council needs to better reflect the world and geographically diverse points of view,” Greenfield said. But for the Security Council to meet this moment, all permanent members of the Security Council must also fulfill our obligation to maintain international peace and security. This means the responsible use of the veto. As I said earlier, the United States will refrain from vetoing except in rare and extraordinary circumstances. Any permanent member that uses its veto power to defend its own acts of aggression against another UN member state must be held accountable. “If we don’t do this, we will undermine the credibility of the UN Charter,” he said.
Nervousoglu: “Countries that have the right to veto use it in the interests of their countries”
Turkey’s Permanent Representative to the UN, Sinirlioglu, said efforts must be made for reforms that reflect the realities of the day and that a comprehensive and inclusive approach is needed to make the Security Council more representative, more democratic, accountable and more effective.
Stating that permanent membership and veto power serve only the national interests of countries with these privileges, Sinirlioglu said: “If the number of elected members and the opportunity for all member states to participate in the Council are increased, the Security Council will be more representative and effective. Turkey supports initiatives to limit the use of the veto in the Security Council. Regions should be represented more fairly. A fair rotation system must be introduced,” he said.
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