Historical news Biodiversity agreements with COP15. Last minute AFRICA, WORLD, CURRENT headlines and events
The global agreement was approved at a United Nations summit, where billions of dollars were spent on conservation, but objections from key African countries, home to large rainforests, delayed the final adoption of the agreement.
The goal of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, led by China and Canada, is to guide global efforts to conserve biodiversity by 2030. The deal was created after four years of work.
Countries participating in the UN-sponsored COP15 biodiversity conference evaluated the proposed text on Sunday, and negotiations on the details of the agreement continued until this morning.
The delegates agreed on the goal of protecting 30 percent of the world’s land and seas by the end of the decade. This goal, known as the 30/30, was the most ambitious part of the deal.
The discussions continued until the last minute.
However, disagreements over how to finance environmental protection activities in developing countries caused heated debate until the last minute of the summit.
Huang Rongqiu, China’s Minister of Ecology and Environment, head of COP15, ignored the objections of the Democratic Republic of the Congo delegation and said the agreement passed minutes after they said they could not support it.
The representative of the Congo stated that developed countries should allocate more resources to conservation efforts in developing countries.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, the second largest rainforest country in the world and home to most of Africa’s tropical rainforests, plays a key role in the future of the planet’s biodiversity.
Juan later became outraged by the other African delegates by announcing the acceptance of the agreement early in the morning, citing words from Mexico in support of the final agreement.
A spokesman for Cameroon said the agreement was “forced” through an interpreter.
He said he passed.
The representative of Uganda asked to be noted that Uganda did not support this procedure.
It has been stated that the reason for the UN’s claim that the agreement survived despite the controversy was that no delegation formally objected.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo rejected this assessment, stating that his remarks constituted an official statement.
The Latin American delegations, on the other hand, expressed their dissatisfaction with the disagreements and the sudden actions of the presiding officer on the agreement, which is considered a turning point.
“Of course, we will wait for the official announcement, because the announcement at this stage was very weak,” said European Commissioner for the Environment Virginijus Sinkevičius.
Canadian Environment Minister Stephen Guilbaud said the way the deal was announced was in line with the UN’s definition of “acceptance.”
When asked if he believed the deal would survive, Guilbaud replied, “Yes, absolutely,” and said, “There were some differences of opinion, they won’t be the first and last differences at the UN meeting.”
The agreement directs countries to allocate $200 billion annually to biodiversity conservation initiatives in both the public and private sectors.
Developed countries will provide $25 billion a year from 2025 and $30 billion a year until 2030.
The agreement, which includes a total of 23 goals, will replace the 2010 Aichi Biodiversity Goals, which define conservation by 2020. None of these goals were achieved, and not all of the 20 Aichi Goals were achieved by any country.
Unlike Aichi, this agreement includes more measurable goals that are easier to track and communicate, such as reducing environmentally harmful industry subsidies by at least $500 billion a year.
In what scientists call the “sixth mass extinction”, more than 1 million species could die by the end of the century.
As much as 40 percent of the world’s land has been degraded, and wildlife populations have declined significantly since the 1970s.
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