Break the European warming record in the news in 2022. Last Minute EUROPE, Austria, France, CURRENT, Netherlands, England, Spain, Greece headlines and events

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The Copernicus EU programme, established by the European Union to “observe the earth and climate change via satellite”, has announced that 2022 will be a record year for the world with rising temperatures, severe drought and forest fires emitting carbon dioxide.

Over the past 30 years, European temperatures have more than doubled compared to the global average, according to the Copernicus program. While Europe experienced its second warmest year on record and the hottest summer on record, temperatures in Turkey remained close to the global average. 2015 and 2022 were the two warmest years on record in the world.

The European climate change program Copernicus (C3S) has published its annual report on changes in greenhouse gas concentrations and temperatures in the world’s atmosphere for 2022. Compared to the pre-industrial era, average global temperatures continue to rise, according to C3S’s latest annual report.

The C3S report also confirms the November report of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which found that global mean temperatures have continued to rise for the last 8 years compared to the pre-industrial period. Like the WMO, Copernicus found that the past 8 years have been the warmest on record in the world, with global temperatures 1.2°C warmer than pre-industrial times.

According to the Copernicus report, which now highlights that “temperature anomalies are starting to become the norm around the world”, 2016 continued to be the world’s “warmest year” and 2022 was the world’s fifth warmest year after 2016, 2017, 2019 and 2020.

The combination of the coldest and the hottest

Last year, many temperature records were broken in Europe and around the world. Particularly long and intense heatwaves have affected western and northern Europe. In the spring, lingering heatwaves hit Pakistan and northern India, and in the summer – in the central and eastern parts of China. “Regions with the warmest year on record include Western Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia and China, South Korea, New Zealand, Northwest Africa and parts of Africa,” Copernicus listed.

In many regions such as Western Europe, the Middle East, China and South Korea, 2022 was a year with higher records. Despite these temperature extremes, globally 2022 is also among the top 5 coldest years in the past 8 years with some local influences.

This discrepancy is attributed to the intensity of the La Niña climate event, which has caused much cooler than usual temperatures in the tropical regions of the Eastern Pacific. For example, temperatures in the tropics of the Eastern Pacific and in Australia were below average as the “La Niña phenomenon” (a cold anomaly in Pacific waters at the equator) persisted for the third year in a row.

In Switzerland, Croatia or Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2022 as a whole set a new absolute heat record since measurements began. The Middle East, Central Asia and most of China, New Zealand, North Africa and Africa set new annual records.

Extreme polar melt warning

Stressing that it is a “known fact” that average temperatures at the poles are rising faster, the report notes that the Arctic has warmed nearly 4 times faster than the rest of the world over the past forty years, and 2022 “is no exception.” this direction.”

Accordingly, temperatures in parts of northern Siberia and throughout Antarctica are 2°C warmer than the 1991-2020 reference average in parts of the two poles. For example, in September, the temperature in central Greenland was 8°C above average. The temperature on all these islands is a monthly record set since 1979. Last February, ice in Antarctica reached its lowest monthly value in 44 years of satellite data.

The driest season in the last 500 years

This year, the European continent has been the hardest hit by extreme heat waves around the world. At the European level, the summer of 2022 was recorded as the “hottest summer” on the continent, and as a whole, 2022, together with 2016, was marked as the “second year” with the highest temperatures. Many countries in Western Europe, such as France, England, Spain and Portugal, which broke temperature records, ended up at the top of this list. Some Eastern European countries experienced their warmest years for the first time. It also said that the drought that hit the continent last year “may be the worst in 500 years.” In early September, more than a quarter of the EU was declared dry.

triple trend in Turkey

On satellite images taken by Copernicus, Turkey is identified among the countries below the average. While the western and southern coasts, as well as eastern and southeastern Anatolia were slightly warmer than the global average, the Sea of ​​Marmara and Central Anatolia showed near-average results. Temperatures were below average in part of Central Anatolia. No region in Turkey has reached record high temperatures, shown in dark red on the satellite image.

Droughts and fires

Consistent low rainfall levels and high temperatures, combined with other factors, have resulted in widespread dry conditions across Europe. Pakistan was hit by massive flooding in August after heavy rains.

According to the European Forest Fire Information System (Effis) and Copernicus, more than 785,000 hectares of forest land burned in France in 2022 alone. That’s more than double the average of the past 15 years, and these fires released about 9 megatons of carbon into the atmosphere. “France, Spain, Germany and Slovenia experienced the highest summer carbon dioxide emissions from wildfires,” the report says. It was stressed that this had led to a deterioration in local air quality.

No slowdown in greenhouse gas growth

According to the Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Service, the report says that there is no slowdown in the growth of greenhouse gas concentrations. This allows us to see that it continues to increase.” In 2022, this concentration reached an average of 417 parts per million (million parts) for carbon dioxide and 1894 parts per billion (billion parts) for methane.

According to Copernicus, these are the highest concentrations, occurring “over 2 million per year for CO2 and over 800,000 per year for CH4”. This represents a 50 percent increase in CO2 and 162 percent increase in methane compared to pre-industrial times.

“We are already experiencing devastating consequences”

Samantha Burgess, Associate Director of Climate Change Services Copernicus, commented on the report: “2022 has been another year of extreme weather events that show we are already experiencing the devastating effects of a warming planet. These events show that we are already experiencing the devastating effects of a warming world. Society urgently needs to avoid the worst consequences. We believe it should reduce carbon emissions and quickly adapt to climate change,” he said.

However, Copernicus is not the only one who draws attention to the difference in Europe. A recent report from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) states that temperatures in Europe have “greatly increased between 1991 and 2021”, corresponding to an average rise of 0.5°C every 10 years.

“There is indeed differential warming in Europe, it is warming up faster than in other continents. But this trend is still weaker than at the poles, where temperatures are rising 3 times faster,” said Christoph Kassu, research director of the European Research and Development Centre. Continuing Education in Scientific Computing (CERFACS). Noting that Europe is providing a vivid picture of a warming planet, Cassou warns: “Even well-prepared societies are not immune to the effects of extreme weather events.”

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