2022 is the “election year”! Here are the names that fell out of the ballot box… – WORLD
2022 is the “election year”! Here are the names that fell out of the ballot box…With 11 countries in Europe providing a test that could change the dynamics for themselves and for the continent, the far right achieved its first decisive victory and the throne of power in Italy. While the 11 countries in Europe up for election in 2022 held decisive elections, some remained without government for long, while others were led by far-right candidates. This year, many leaders from Emmanuel Macron to Viktor Orban in Europe, as in in their own countries and on the continent General elections were held in 11 countries. Some of these countries failed to form a government for a long time, and most strikingly, far-right candidates received significant votes in France, Sweden and Italy.The first general election of the year was held in Malta on 26 March.The Labor Party (LP), in power since 2013, won the general election for the third time in a row. Robert Abela was re-elected prime minister.“Opposite” leaders of the Western Balkans and the European Union celebrated the victory on the same dayOn April 3, elections were held in Serbia and Hungary. The existing leaders in both countries, one in the Western Balkans and the other in the European Union (EU), who stood out for their persuasive stance, retained their seats. The administration of Aleksandar Vučić, who was frequently warned by the EU due to the tensions he experienced with the EU , was re-elected Orban won another landslide choice Orban did not leave his post as prime minister in 2010.France2022 was a critical year for France, where people went to the polls 4 times, 2 for the presidency and 2 for parliamentary elections. April 10th. Since there was not a single candidate who received more than 50 percent, the elections were left in the second round. On April 24, Macron defeated Le Pen. However, this election was recorded as “a historic election in which Le Pen and the far right increased their votes.” In order for Macron, who was elected president for the second time, to fulfill his promises, it was very important that he be able to get an absolute majority in parliament and form a government. However, this was not possible. While the Nupes alliance, founded on the initiative of far-left Jean-Luc Mélenchon, became the country’s first opposition political force in parliament, the far-right National Union (RN) won 89 deputies, a “historic” number.Northern IrelandSinn Féin, which favored secession from England and union with the Republic of Ireland, won the Northern Ireland parliamentary elections on May 5, giving the Irish Nationalist Party the chance to take the lead in elections and have a prime minister for the first time in the region’s 100-year history. According to a special power-sharing agreement, the first and second parties should govern the region together, and the Democratic Union Party (DUP) and Sinn Féin, which came second in the elections, were never able to form a joint administration. Although it was announced that the country will again hold elections this year, it seems that they have been postponed for the time being.SwedenThe last achievement of far-right politicians before Italy was in Sweden. In the September 11 elections, it is noteworthy that the far-right Swedish Democrat Party (SD) won 20.5 percent of the vote and became the second largest party in the country. The task of forming the government was the moderate Conservative Party. (M) Leader Ulf Kristersson. Right bloc parties received 49.6 percent, while the minority government and ruling left bloc parties received 48.9 percent. 36 days later, a right-wing coalition government was formed. The far-right SD also stated that it supported the government from outside.ItalyIn Italy, on September 25, 2022, after the resignation of Prime Minister Draghi, early parliamentary elections were held. He received a majority to form a government. On October 21, President Sergio Mattarella ordered Meloni to form a new government for Georgia. thus, he became the first female Prime Minister of Italy. He took the seat of power in Italy.On October 2, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Latvia came to the elections.General elections were held 5 times in the last 2 years in Bulgaria. After the third early parliamentary elections since 2021, 7 parties have entered the parliament. Former Prime Minister Borisov’s GERB party won first place with 25.37% of the vote. The Movement for Rights and Freedoms, whose members are mainly Turks and Muslims, has become the third largest political force in the country. However, in a country where a government has not yet been formed, the parties believe that early elections are inevitable. Croatia, and Željka Cvijanović, Serbian member Milorad Dodik won the majority of votes for the presidency of the Republika Srpska (RS), one of the two entities of Herzegovina. While opposition parties in RS demanded a second vote, thousands of supporters took to the streets. The votes were recounted, but the result remained unchanged: Prime Minister Krišjānis Karins’ ruling New Unity party won the majority in the Latvian general election, and Karins was re-elected prime minister. Notably, the pro-Russian Harmony Party received only 4.8 percent of the vote in an election that took place against the backdrop of the Russo-Ukrainian war, disagreements over the Russian ethnic minority, and economic concerns over high energy prices.SloveniaThe presidential elections held on 23 October were left in the second round as the candidates failed to win more than 50 percent of the vote. Independent candidate Pirc Musar, who received the support of the Pirate Party of Slovenia and the European Green Party, received 53.86 points. percent of the vote and was elected the country’s first female president.DenmarkDenmark went to the polls on November 1 for an early general election 7 months ahead of schedule, at a time when security concerns and an energy crisis caused by the war between Russia and Ukraine have escalated. Prime Minister Mette’s Social Democrat Party Frederiksen was the party. which received the most votes, while its center-supporting Left Alliance also won a majority in parliament. The Social Democrats were again the largest faction in parliament with 27.5%, the highest in 20 years. However, after 42 days, a government led by Frederiksen was formed. For the first time in 44 years, right and left parties have united to form a coalition government.“The most decisive choice for 2022 was Italy”Prior to the Italian far right, far right parties were rising in other European countries such as France, Sweden and the Netherlands. However, the far right first came to power in Italy as a major partner. , said: “The most decisive election is Meloni’s far-right election. It was an election in which his party won the most votes and formed the country’s first far-right coalition.” Petit said the result is not surprising when analyzed separately. he said.Petit said:“This year we have seen far-right rhetoric join the mainstream political debate in many countries, thus normalizing it, and we have witnessed a center-right shift in politics. The Italian elections showed that populist rhetoric has partially succeeded as the response to crises Europe is facing.” Thus, the balance in Europe has shifted strongly to the right. If this trend continues, we will see a less free, less egalitarian Europe and democratic values, such as the rights of minorities and immigrants, at stake.”
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